RF Coupler Testing

Did some dicking about with the VNA today and tested the rf coupler i built. Not sure how i interpret the data, but i have it LOL

 

The through port return loss. I figure what this means is from 1 to 100meg the through port has a quite flat frequency response.

Port Isolation. I figure what this means is i have a coupling factor of say -18db or near enough.  I might have to rebuild it with some more turns, I was looking for at least 30.

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Nano VNA

Ok, so these are my initial thoughts of the device. Firstly, the only issue I have so far is that Windows does not always detect the USB device. I am not sure exactly what the issue is, low voltage, USB drivers kind of flaky or what. But powering it from an external 5v supply the device turns on every time. So i think its windows and computer related, not the device.

On to testing. Not a lot of time today to do anything flash, so I ran a bunch of S11 measurements on things i had handy and the plots were as expected. I do not really have anything here to test in the upper frequency ranges, being a HF kind of guy, but on measurements up to say 100meg, where I have the ability already to compare against another tool, the measurements look legit to me.

First up, calibration is easy and it comes with open, short and 50ohm loads to calibrate to, apparently I have the 900meg firmware installed, if i can work out how to change that to use the 300meg firmware I will. I dont need to measure beyond a couple hundred meg at best anyway.

First up to be tested was the Tri-Band vertical. Yes it is poorly tuned LOL and the SWR plot is correct. LOL I need to fix that 😉

This is the smith chart for the tri bander.


And this is what the LCD screen is showing while testing the tri-bander.

Next cab off the rank was my home brew dummyload. I knew already it was good out to about 100meg, but did not think it would be fine out to 300. Guess i did ok with a handful of resistors LOL

Next up was a 70cm antenna off the MD380 DMR HT. Now i have no idea how accurate this is, but it looks like what you might expect to see with a dip where it is meant to be.

And this is what the device was displaying while testing.

All in all, so far for S11 measurements the nanovna has done exactly what it was designed to do. I was a little surprised that it is as accurate as it is. This is not a very expensive tool at all, like $90 Australian delivered from ebay. Add this in with the rest of my cheap test gear and I have a good selection of gear for not a lot of dollars. When i get some time I will do some 2 port measurements and see how it goes. I expect it will perform quiet well. Bring on the filter testing 🙂

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Dummy Load Characteristics

I am currently in the process of building a dummy load capable of 500 watts. With the amp project capable of potentially a couple hundred watts, being able to dissipate a lot of power for extended periods of time is kind of needed. Yeah i want to run full key down for like an hour into a dummy load to really stress test the whole amp design.

The dummy load will use 25 100 watt 50ohm resistors in a 5 in series 5 in parallel configuration, mounted on a huge heat sink with fans. Hopefully this will dissipate the amount of heat that will be generated. Anyway, this got me thinking about the dummy load that i built many years ago using 20 5w ebay resistors in parallel and how well it actually performed. Back then i did not have the test gear to actually characterise it. But i have had a VNA for a while now, well, not really a VNA more a glorified S11 meter that measures via vectors. 🙂

So i plugged it in and gave it a look and well, to my surprise it was not all that bad. 1.05 to 1 from 1Mhz to 60Mhz, which is the limit of measurement for my VNA. I am only interested in HF so more than good enough for the kinds of builds I make. I think it would be usable into the 2m band, but from there on parasitic’s would really take over and make it more or less unusable.

After doing this measurement, i kind of decided to order and better VNA and be able to do 2 port measurements and have extended frequency range. I have some other things i want to build like rf taps etc that would really benefit from having a full characterisation done. Oh and filters.

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Volt and Ammeter

Volt and Ammeter

So i discovered something last week or so ago while building power amplifiers. Its a total pain the the butt to be pulling everything apart to wire in the DMM to measure current when setting the bias for fet devices. Also that the meters in my Chinese power supplies are just about useless for anything less than an amp.

So with that in mind, i grabbed out a couple of analog panel meters that I have had sitting here for just about for forever, drew up some artwork in my favorite 2d design package and then went out into the garage to cut and bend some sheet aluminum into something that resembles a case.

Yeah the case is not my best work, but its perfectly serviceable and does the job that its meant to do. IE it houses and protects the meters. So now i can plug this into the power supply, plug the device under test into this and monitor both current and voltage while keeping my DMM free to be used for other jobs.

Yeah I know that you can use 2DMM and achieve the same result, but why spend a lot on an expensive DMM that is going to sit doing nothing most of the time, when for about $10 you can make a bit of test gear that will be good enough.

73, Rob.

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YiHUA Power Supplies

A couple of months back I bought a pair of cheap lab power supplies off ebay that turned out to be crap. 20mv quoted ripple was closer to 200mv. I managed to clean one up with some massive filtering, but it was impractical and still the ripple and switch noise was to high.
So while searching for something else i came across these on ebay. 28v, 10A and a linear supply. They weight about 8Kg each. So did some googeling to see if there are any issue and there is one, over shoot when you cycle the power on and off and there is an easy fix to that by adding a cap. But hey, who cycles power supplies on and off anyway.
So i grabbed one and then checked the ripple, about 10mv. Thats perfect, so grabbed another one, cause you just cannot have enough power supplies.

So it looks like I am becoming a HeeHaa fan boy. 2 power supplies and soldering and reword station. Oh the humanity LOL

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New Power Supplies

So i was having trouble the other day with a circuit I was testing and my oscilloscope going bonkers. I did not know what was going on, so I did some investigating and low and behold my homebrew power supply was acting up and had massive amounts of noise and ripple on all the power rails. So i grabbed a couple of these off ebay cheep, thinking well if they are crap i will send them back. Checked the ripple on the output and its not bad at about 100mv, not the greatest, but not bad enough to cause the scope to act up. Time will tell how they go. About the only thing I really need is a 3rd channel. I often need to run 2 12v rails and a 5v. So im going to have to hack up some dual leads. I went looking for double adaptors with 4mm banana and dual terminals, but they just don’t exist anywhere i can find anyway LOL

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