4 Band Lowpass Filter Board

Board Design 

Ok, in the spirit of sharing and making things easy for people, I am going to start releasing some gerbers for the various boards I have designed for my various projects, that work HAHAHA, because, yes, not everything i do works.

I am not into this for making money, I do everything that i do simply for the love of it and for the learning experience. So selling boards and things is not high on my agenda. And besides, you can get 10 boards made and send to you from JLCpcb in China for not much more than it would cost me to send you one from Australia.

First cab off the ranks 7th order low pass filter boards. So you will notice there are no part values on the boards. Why? Well because i do not know what bands you might like to build for. The relays are double pole double throw in a standard 18x9mm package size. The transistors are anything you have in CBE footprint, I used 2n3904 and the resistor is there for current limiting, just pick a typical value, i think i used 4.8K.

SMA edge connectors bring RF in on the left side of the board. By default all relays are in the OFF position and no RF can pass through. The 6 pin header brings control signals and power to the board. To turn a relay on, a 5v control control signal is placed on one of the first 4 pins to turn 1 pair of relays on. The last 2 pins are ground and VCC of the relays you used.

For designing the filters I use an online calculator like this one at Calculators Edge: http://www.calculatoredge.com/electronics/bw%20pi%20low%20pass.htm Or a software tool like Elsie.

Lowpass Filter Board

Gerber Files can be downloaded from HERE:  http://robs-blog.net/Files/LowPass_Filter.zip


7 thoughts on “4 Band Lowpass Filter Board

  1. Hi Rob, I designed a comparable pcb for 7 pole bandpass filter. When measuring the filters on a spectrum analyser I got good results but when I combined all on a pcb I lost 20db (the from the -50db). Some how the input signal is radiating to the output. If I by pass the relays and measure direct on the filter output it was ok. Researching this issue one flaw I found was that the ground plain is not continues I also see this on your boards. Did you make any measurements? DId you have any experience with this effect? Thanks Paul

    1. Hi Paul. I did not experience the issues you did. In my final design all my relays defaulted to the off position and grounded. By grounding them in the off position any radiated RF is shunted to ground and not passed through the filters. I also used a lot of via stitching and had via fences between each filter for isolation.

      I have got some new boards being made with are single band LPF. I should have them monday and I can build one and do some tests with the VNA and compare the filters in the switchable bank and report back to you the results.

      Do you have a picture of your board you can link to, so i can take a look at what you did and what might help to fix your issue.

  2. Hi Rob, I found the issue in my board. The groundplane was not continues. There was a loop on the output connection. If I closed the loop. The problem was gone. Your right you need good grounding and use a lot of via stitching.

    1. I try and leave the bottom copper layer as unbroken as possible to give the greatest area of unbroken ground as possible, with both the top and bottom flood fills connected to the ground net and then stitched together with vias. Anywhere there are long traces I try and fence those off also with vias. The amp board i respun that is on order atm has 380 vias on it. I might go a little over board on the vias but hey more is better right LOL

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.